singapore youth justice system

Ashley Tan Yu Yi What is the age of criminal responsibility? For more information on the engagement session held last Saturday, click here. It came into operation on 16 September 1872. The Youth Criminal Justice Act is the legal foundation upon which Canada's youth criminal justice system is built. C$ Redeemable The guiding philosophy of the juvenile justice system is that the rehabilitation of the juvenile offender is the best way to prevent him from re-offending. In his welcome address, Minister for Culture, Community and Youth and Second Minister for Law Edwin Tong addressed public sentiments behind the case involving NUS dentistry student Yin Zi Qin, noting that some called for harsher sentencing while others called for the institution to expel Mr Yin. Youth.SG. The youth justice system is a complex landscape, involving numerous services and agencies. • The Youth Courts. He brought up the amendment of the Criminal Procedure Code, which introduced a prohibition on questions asked about victims' sexual history during cross-examination if not relevant to the charge, as one example. Across the country, governments, police, lawyers, judges and others are working in close partnership with communities and families to prevent youth crime and to ensure a fair and effective youth justice system. Closed youth detention At the beginning of 1999, changes were introduced to the sentencing system for young offenders. The media plays a prominent role in shaping public perceptions and their understanding of the rationale behind the courts' decisions. The role of society and the influence of the judicial system over our social fabric. This Zoom session was part of a two-part engagement session with youths on the topic and took place following an. 0000034898 00000 n Arguably, every other model that has been developed in the literature can be traced back to variations of these two basic types of approach. Moreover, while the participants agreed that rehabilitation should be considered in cases involving adult offenders even if other sentencing principles like deterrence were the principal considerations, they also expressed that determining who exactly falls into the category of "adults" is a difficult and complex issue that could require further consideration. trailer<<51c316813db2efd5f5966abec31e723f>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 50 0 obj <> endobj 66 0 obj<. Youth justice system in England and Wales comprises the organs and processes that are used to prosecute, convict and punish persons under 18 years of age who commit criminal offences. Justice promotes peaceful co-existence of people of the different divisions. 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The family justice system has undergone substantial reform, with the unified Family Justice Courts, comprising the High Court (Family Division), the Family Court and the Youth Court being established on 1 October 2014, and a judge-led approach that came into operation on 1 January 2015. The New Zealand youth justice system works on the basis of diversion. The principal aim of the youth justice system is to prevent offending by children and young persons. The role of the media in influencing public views and sentiments. World Justice Forum. 0000062553 00000 n The breakout sessions were facilitated by youth leaders familiar with social issues and trained in law. For most of the 19th Century the criminal law which was applied in the three Straits Settlement of Singapore, Penang and Malacca was that of England, in so far as local circumstances were permitted. 0000035102 00000 n 0000062773 00000 n During the breakout room discussions, participants engaged in comprehensive discussions on topics that explored the purpose of rehabilitation, whether rehabilitative sentencing options such as community-based sentences should be the principal consideration for adult offenders, and the extent to which recent reforms to the criminal justice system ensure deterrence, proportionate punishment and rehabilitation. 0000009864 00000 n A suggestion was also made for journalists to partake in training sessions or discussions with judges to understand the decisions behind certain cases, so that journalists will be able to report on cases more accurately. by Many agencies and individuals have contributed to them. This was designed to protect victims and avoid inflicting unnecessary secondary humiliation or distress on them, while concurrently limiting the scope of discussion solely to the matter at hand. Principles and aims for the review . Similarly Sweden’s youth justice system is committed to preventing crimes occurring among the youths (Sundeen, 2002). 0000008319 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %¦éÏÄ 49 0 obj <> endobj xref 49 18 0000000016 00000 n Anti-Corruption and Open Government in the COVID-19 Pandemic: Recommendations for Action. While the details of the breakout room discussion were kept private given their sensitivities, the groups reconvened towards the end of the engagement session to round up their key discussion points. There is little publicly available information about those detained or the basis for their detentions, but the family of Zulfikar Mo… Unquestionably, any system has flaws, and no single system can be a hundred percent just. Over time, the juvenile justice system of Singapore has evolved into a sophisticated and developed system. Our approach is to divert youth offenders, including those aged between 16 and 18 years, away from the Court wherever possible. Key principles of Singapore's justice system . Lastly, Minister Tong underlined the principle of striking a balance between rehabilitation and punishment in our justice system. Another consideration would be exploring ways to increase acceptance of rehabilitation amongst the public, such that the integration of ex-offenders willing to mend their ways would be more easily achieved. The Government’s The task of rehabilitation involves re-integrating the juvenile offender with his family and the community. 6. [We will continue] to encourage civic participation through platforms like these, but I also feel we can go further… we must look at the outcomes - it must be outcome driven. In a similar vein, Mr Tong identified three main areas of the current sentencing framework that the MHA and MinLaw were reviewing, which would also serve as trigger points for the breakout discussions with youths in the following section: The adequacy of the penalties for hurt and sexual offences, the factors which should be considered during sentencing (including the extent to which educational background or academic qualifications is relevant or irrelevant), and the proportionality of punishments for different types of offences. The Youth Justice System. To do this, a system set up almost two decades ago to tackle a different problem must evolve to respond imaginatively and proportionately to the challenges of today. The Youth Crime Policy and Programmes Division in the Irish Youth Justice Service delivers the Department of Justice and Equality led elements of ‘Tackling Youth Crime’, a Youth Justice Action Plan 2014-2018’. The annual cost of youth incarceration for a single individual is $112,555, according to the annual report of the Council of Economic Advisers. It is made up of the Supreme Court and the State Courts (previously named Subordinate Courts) … Criminal law Age of criminal responsibility. He also raised the importance of enhancing the fairness of the judicial process by ensuring that victim crimes are handled sensitively. At the end of the session, Mr Tong stressed the need for proper access to justice and assured participants that their discussion points would be taken into consideration during their review of current sentencing frameworks and guidelines. Youth justice in Singapore, as a whole, is premised on gradated intervention. In education and health considerable efforts are made to try and ensure that the results a I believe that these Standards will help to unite those supporting children and empower those children to take control of their lives and futures. 0000000816 00000 n 0000001142 00000 n From online petitions to public furore expressed on social media, cases involving individuals such as National University of Singapore (NUS) student Monica Baey and dentistry student Yin Zi Qin have sparked a national conversation on Singapore's criminal justice system and rationales behind judicial sentencing. Transformative Justice Collective is a collective founded on the principles of transformative justice, and committed to seeking the reform of Singapore’s criminal justice system, starting with the abolition of the death penalty. 0000009107 00000 n Our Youth Justice Strategy Action Plan 2019-2021 (PDF, 883 KB) Youth Justice Strategy Action Plan 2019-2021 (DOCX, 4.7 MB) sets out the practical steps for the Queensland Government to implement our whole-of-government Youth Justice Strategy (PDF, 1.2 MB) Youth Justice Strategy (DOCX, 94 KB) over the next 2 years.. In a bid to address these concerns and explore youths' perceptions on these issues, the National Youth Council (NYC), Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and Ministry of Law (MinLaw) jointly held a Youth Engagement Session on criminal justice last Saturday (Sep 19). Copyright 2020 However, they also asserted the need for this consideration to be weighed against context, such as the severity of the offence. All rights reserved. Foreword There are three main areas where young people come into contact with the state. It requires him to take responsibility both for his wrongdoing and his future. However, reformation of youth offenders in … 0000007744 00000 n The Youth Justice System (YJS) of England and Wales, for example, illustrates a long-term government project that has painted itself into a corner and exhausted ideas for change, although not the compulsion for change. Rule of Law Solutions. the application of certain Indian Acts, however, arose in 1871 and the Straits Settlements Penal Code was passed. If the youth justice system is truly to protect the public, it must succeed in changing the lives of these most troubled children. This Zoom session was part of a two-part engagement session with youths on the topic and took place following an Instagram Live discussion with Parliamentary Secretary Rahayu Mahzam. This is done through the use of social welfare committees who take responsibility of the offenders and are in charge of reforming the youth. 0000086895 00000 n The actions are diverse. Youth care and youth service require the consent of the young person concerned; youth care can, however, be enforced without consent in certain circumstances under the Act with Special Provisions on the Care of Young People. The breakout sessions were facilitated by youth leaders familiar with social issues and trained in law. Justice has significances that are far much beyond just equitability. As attested by recent events, this has been a contentious topic, where the bounds of delineation between the two require further discussion and consideration. These community based sentencing options will enable such offenders to be adequately punished without disruption to their family life or loss of job, while being rehabilitated to minimise the risk of re-offending for public safety. 0000087013 00000 n 0000000753 00000 n Ultimately, there was a general consensus that the media should be aware that based on the framing of their reports, stereotypes could be reinforced and misunderstandings of the criminal justice system could be created. World Justice Challenge. (User) |. A key constituent court system within the Family Justice Courts, the Youth Courts, formerly known as the Juvenile Court, will hear all cases under the Children and Young Persons Act (CYPA) involving youths. While it is often convenient to point fingers at specific groups and demand greater efforts from them, participants also suggested that all of us can play a role on a wider societal level. While participants acknowledged that one's social status and circumstances can indirectly influence their case such as by providing conditions that are conducive for reformation, they also pointed out that the courts have stated that one's educational qualification is an irrelevant factor in judicial decisions. The Youth Courts are presided over by a District Judge or Magistrate, who is designated by the Chief Justice as a Judge of the Youth Courts, a change from the former regime where the Juvenile Court used to be presided over by a Magistrate. 0000087048 00000 n He said: "[Views from society] play a part in shaping the kind of justice system, and therefore the kind of society, that we live in. America's Criminal Justice System. On October 6, the Ministry of Home Affairs stated that 17 individuals were currently detained under the ISA, and an additional 25 had been issued with restraining orders under the law. Furthermore, aside from holding more conversations such as these on the criminal justice system, stronger support systems could also be provided to victims throughout court proceedings. Mr Tong highlighted the three key principles of the justice system in Singapore. In his welcome address, Minister for Culture, Community and Youth and Second Minister for Law Edwin Tong addressed public sentiments behind the case involving NUS dentistry student Yin Zi Qin, noting that some called for harsher sentencing while others called for the institution to expel Mr Yin. In a recent engagement session on criminal justice, youths in Singapore shared their thoughts on rehabilitation, proportionate punishment and justice. The youth justice system cannot address youth crime in isolation from other systems such as welfare, drug and alcohol, disability, housing, mental health, education and employment. PHOTO CREDIT: NATIONAL YOUTH COUNCIL, The role and pertinence of rehabilitation. Firstly, he emphasised the obligation to ensure that the justice system protects the vulnerable. 0000007611 00000 n Singapore uses the Internal Security Act (ISA) and Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Act to arrest and administratively detain persons for virtually unlimited periods without charge or judicial review. These were some major learning points from the two-hour session: Key principles of Singapore's justice system. As a nation, Singapore’s response to youth offending has been to pursue a fine equilibrium in the management of juvenile offenders such that the justice and restorative models are not opposing paradigms but that they actually compliment each other as mutually supportive elements of the juvenile justice system. The most established differentiation between systems of youth justice around the world is that of welfare versus justice. The charter of youth justice principles underpins the Youth Justice Act 1992. The Juvenile Court occupies a pivotal position in the juvenile justice process. Racism pervades the justice system, leading to the arrest, prosecution, adjudication and incarceration of disproportionately greater numbers of youth of color than white youth, even while youth offending patterns are relatively similar. CONTEMPORARY TRENDS IN YOUTH JUSTICE POLICY Across Europe, policies based on the notions of the subsidiarity and propor - tionality of state interventions against youth offenders are remaining in force or emerging afresh in most, if not all, countries. There was little doubt that English common law crimes were recognized in these territories at the time. Principles include that: 1. the community should be protected from offences 2. young people should be held accountable and encouraged to accept responsibility for what they have done 3. consideration should be given to a child’s age, maturity and, where appropriate, cultural and religious beliefs and practices 4. the youth justice system should uphold the rights of children, keep them safe and promote their physical and mental well… 0000001010 00000 n As a result, standardized screen­ ing instruments have gained wide ac­ ceptance, more service providers have turned toward evidence-based treatment approaches, and more juvenile justice and mental health agencies have collaborated to devise solutions (Skowyra and Cocozza, 2006, 2007). From online petitions to public furore expressed on social media, cases involving individuals such as National University of Singapore (NUS) student, In a bid to address these concerns and explore youths' perceptions on these issues, the National Youth Council (NYC), Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and Ministry of Law (MinLaw) jointly held a Youth Engagement Session on criminal justice last Saturday (Sep 19). 0000010073 00000 n However, some participants felt that the media has sensationalised some of these cases instead of providing more nuanced reporting to reduce misconceptions surrounding particular sentences and case decisions. The participants affirmed rehabilitation as an important principle in sentencing, particularly for younger offenders. Citing examples like the amendment of the penal code that would apply higher maximum sentences for offences committed against a victim who is in close or intimate relationships with the offender, as well as the criminalisation of voyeurism in January this year, Mr Tong stressed the importance of protecting vulnerable groups and increasing accountability. Client service plan (CSP) A client service plan is developed for every young person on an order, both in the community and in custody, and is reviewed regularly. The Singapore Judiciary’s function is to administer justice to the people of Singapore. For instance, plenty hold the perception that the educational and socio-economic background of accused persons may assist them in receiving lighter sentencing. It aims to resolve offending without young offenders receiving a criminal conviction, as they would under the criminal justice system. justice system and the inadequacy of services to meet these needs (Mears, 2001). is applied to youth justice systems in particular.5 2. Accountable Governance and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Recommendations for Action . Access to Justice for All and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Recommendations for Action. Anthony Lewis … In the past year, several cases involving sexual harassment and assaults in Singapore's school settings have come to the fore. Young people’s experience of the formal youth justice system The breakout sessions were facilitated by youth leaders familiar with social issues and trained in law information on topic... No single system can be a hundred percent just the past year several! It aims to resolve offending without young offenders as a whole, is premised on gradated intervention a! 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